United Russia

United Russia
   Political party. Known in Russian as Iedinaia Rossiia, United Russia is currently the country’s largest political party. The party was created in 2001 with the merger of Sergey Shoygu’s pro-government Unity party and Yury Luzhkov’s centrist FatherlandAll Russia. With the backing of then-President Vladimir Putin, United Russia quickly became Russia’s “party of power,” attracting a large number of regional governors and members of the country’s political elite, including Mintimer Shaymiyev.
   From 2002 until 2008, the party was led by Boris Gryzlov, chairman of the State Duma and a close ally of Putin. Since its inception, United Russia has been closely associated with Putin, who became chairman in 2008 in a successful bid to become prime minister after two terms as president. The platform is centrist, conservative, and patriotic, and relies on support from the Kremlin and populism to maintain its position. Its stated aim is to raise Russian living standards to European levels, and it argues that such nationwide progress will only come with presidential-parliamentary cooperation. United Russia supports a strong presidency, anti-corruption measures, increased military spending, improved social welfare, streamlining of government functions, and the elevation of Russia’s standing as a world power.
   United Russia opposes radicalism on the right and the left, placing it at odds with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF) as well as neofascist groups like the National Bolsheviks. It also advocates the idea of Russia as a “sovereign democracy,” free to pursue its own political development without interference from other members of the international community. In 2003, in its first appearance in parliamentary elections, the party took 37 percent of the vote and 223 of the State Duma’s 450 seats, trouncing the KPRF and other parties. It then threw its full support behind Putin’s reelection campaign in 2004, resulting in the incumbent winning 71 percent of the vote. By 2005, United Russia expanded its seats in the Duma to 305 and controlled nearly half of the Federation Council as well. Its activities in advance of the 2007 parliamentary elections drew criticism from a number of domestic and international election-monitoring agencies, including GOLOS and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
   Vladimir Putin’s decision to place himself at the top of the party’s list also guaranteed United Russia’s exceptional performance. In the final tally, United Russia won 64 percent of the vote. Due to a new 7 percent minimum threshold, only three other parties—the KPRF, the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, and Fair Russia—gained seats in the Duma, resulting in United Russia controlling 315 of the house’s 450 seats. The new majority eliminated any barriers to presidential dictation and implementation of new laws in the Russian Federation. In 2008, the party supported Dmitry Medvyedev’s candidacy for president, and facilitated the transition of Putin from president to prime minister. Founded in 2005, the Young Guard (Molodaia gvardiia) is the party’s youth movement. The party commands nearly 1 million members and has a presence in all of Russia’s regions.
   See also Nashi; Vertical of power.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United Russia — Infobox Political party party name = United Russia name native = Единая Россия party leader = Vladimir Putin membership = 1.98 million colorcode = blue foundation = 1 December 2001 ideology = Centrism, Centralism headquarters = Moscow… …   Wikipedia

  • Russia for Russians — ( ru. Россия для русских, Rossiya dlya russkih ) is a political slogan and nationalist doctrine, encapsulating the range of ideas from bestowing the ethnic Russians with exclusive rights in the Russian state to expelling all non Russians from the …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • Russia — This article is about the current country. For other uses, see Russia (disambiguation). Russian Federation Российская Федерация Rossiyskaya Federatsiya …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Russia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th 15th… …   The World Factbook

  • RUSSIA — RUSSIA, former empire in Eastern Europe; from 1918 the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (R.S.F.S.R.), from 1923 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.); from 1990 the Russian Federation. Until 1772 ORIGINS The penetration… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Russia — • Geography and history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Russia     Russia     † Catholic E …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Russia and the United Nations — Russia s membership in the United Nations after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, was the succession of the Soviet Union s seat, including its permanent membership on the UN Security Council. The succession was supported by the USSR s… …   Wikipedia

  • United Nations Security Council Resolution 1747 — tightening the sanctions imposed on Iran in connection with that nation s nuclear programme, was adopted unanimously by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on 24 March 2007.In June 2006, the five permanent Security Council members plus… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”